For the better part of seven centuries, the Italian metropolis of Naples was the centre of a powerful Mediterranean kingdom that encompassed the whole of southern Italy and Sicily. The city traced its history to the 8th century BCE Greek colony of Neapolis and became on the Italian peninsula’s most prosperous cities until the 79 AD eruption of nearby Mt Vesuvius destroyed the nearby Roman resort town of Pompeii.
What was left of Naples endured centuries of neglect until the Byzantines, and la…
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